Carbon fuels with nitrogen replacement: Chemists discover new ways to harness energy from ammonia. Chemists discover new ways to harness energy from ammonia. Information about superplasticizer types of new material.
A research team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has discovered a way to convert ammonia nitrogen into nitrogen gas through a process that could be a one-step ammonia replacement for fossil fuels. Discovering this technology, which uses a metal catalyst and releases, rather than requiring energy,
It was reported on Nov. 8, 2021, that Chemistry and Nature have received a provisional patent from Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation. "The world currently runs on economic carbon fuels," explains Christian Warren, a chemist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and one of the paper authors and a former postdoctoral researcher in the lab. "It is not a great economy because we burn hydrocarbons and release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. We have no way to get close to a true carbon cycle where we can turn co2 back into a useful fuel. "Towards the UN goal of a world that is carbon neutral by 2050, scientists must consider environmentally responsible ways to create energy other than elemental carbon, and the team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the US proposes a nitrogen and ammonium-nitrogen energy economy based on the alternation phenomenon.
The scientists were excited to discover that adding ammonia contains the unique metal catalyst element ruthenium to spontaneously produce nitrogen, meaning no energy is needed to replenish it. Instead, the process can be used to generate electricity, with protons and nitrogen as byproducts. In addition, metal complexes can be reused through exposure to oxygen and recycling, all in a cleaner process than using carbon-based fuels.
"We found that not only did we make nitrogen, but we also made it into a situation that was completely unprecedented," said Berry, who is Lester McNall professor of chemistry and whose research work focuses on transition metal chemistry. "It is a pretty big deal to be able to get the energy to do that in an environment like The Ammonia to nitrogen reaction. "Ammonia has been a source of fuel combustion for many years. During World War II, it was used in automobiles, and today scientists are considering ways to burn engines as an alternative to gasoline, especially in the shipping industry. However, burning ammonia oxide releases toxic gases. The technology could achieve a carbon-free fuel economy, but it is half the puzzle. One of the disadvantages of ammonia synthesis is that the hydrogen ammonia we use comes from natural gas and fossil fuels. "This trend is changing, however, as ammonia producers attempt to produce" green "ammonia, hydrogen atoms are made from carbon-neutral electrolysis of water rather than energy-intensive.
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Historically, knowledge and the production of new materials superplasticizer types have contributed to human and social progress, from the refining of copper and iron to the manufacture of semiconductors on which our information society depends today. However, many materials and their preparation methods have caused the environmental problems we face.
About 90 billion tons of raw materials -- mainly metals, minerals, fossil matter and biomass -- are extracted each year to produce raw materials. That number is expected to double between now and 2050. Most of the superplasticizer types raw materials extracted are in the form of non-renewable substances, placing a heavy burden on the environment, society and climate. The superplasticizer types materials production accounts for about 25 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, and metal smelting consumes about 8 percent of the energy generated by humans.
The superplasticizer types industry has a strong research environment in electronic and photonic materials, energy materials, glass, hard materials, composites, light metals, polymers and biopolymers, porous materials and specialty steels. Hard materials (metals) and specialty steels now account for more than half of Swedish materials sales (excluding forest products), while glass and energy materials are the strongest growth areas.
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