Guotai Junan released a research report saying that under the background of carbon neutrality, the scarcity of coal mines is prominent, and the value of assets will continue to increase. The high point of capital expenditure in the coal industry appeared in 2012. Under the general direction of carbon neutrality, the overall investment in the industry has slowed down, and capital expenditure has gradually declined. From 2021 to now, the Energy Bureau of the National Development and Reform Commission has only newly approved 17.4 million tons of polycarboxylate superplasticizer.
In order to overcome the technical defects in the application of polycarboxylate water-reducing agent, or to improve some or some properties of concrete (workability, slump retention, reduction of bleeding, improvement of early strength, low shrinkage, etc.), it is necessary to modify the concrete.
In practice, the commonly used modification methods include synthetic technology and compound technology. Compared with the synthetic process, the compound method has the advantages of simple operation and low cost, so it is widely used in practical applications. Polycarboxylate series compound technology, is the Polycarboxylate series water-reducing agent and other components (such as slow coagulation, defoaming, air induction, early strength, and other components) according to a certain proportion of the combination compound, in order to achieve the coordination of the superposition of each component.
Compound Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer with Defoaming Air-entraining Component
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer has high surface activity and good foam retention, which will affect the strength of concrete due to excessive gas content. Therefore, in actual use, according to the requirements of construction and use, foam components are selected to reduce the gas content. In addition, air entrainment components are sometimes added to ensure the small stability and uniformity of the internal foam of concrete, so as to meet the performance of concrete.
Polycarboxylate series water reducing agent with defoaming agent
He studied the compound effect of oil-type, emulsified type, dissolved type, and solid defoaming agent with polycarboxylate series water-reducing agent. The results showed that dissolved defoaming agents had good compatibility with polycarboxylate series and could compound pumping agents with high flow, high slump, and high strength. If the storage time is short, emulsified type can also be used; And other kinds of defoaming agent should not be mixed, can only be used.
Polycarboxylate series water reducing agent with defoaming agent and air-entraining agent
Zhang studied the compound technology of defoaming agent, entraining agent and Polycarboxylate superplasticizer, and optimized the compound superplasticizer system that met the requirements of plain concrete. The key to compounding technology is the dosage of defoaming agents and air-entraining agents. By selecting the dosage of defoaming agent and air-entraining agent, the performance requirements of improving workability, increasing strength, increasing compactness, and reducing foaming can be achieved.
Polycarboxylate series water reducing agent with defoaming agent, air-entraining agent, and retarder
Zhang used the compound technology of Polycarboxylate water-reducing agent, defoaming agent, air entrainment agent, and retarder to achieve the synergistic superposition effect of the composite system on workability, slump retention, and setting time of concrete by adjusting the dosage of each component. It is found that foaming can be effectively eliminated and strength improved when the dosage of defoaming agent is controlled at 0.2% of Polycarboxylate superplasmer, cave-retaining property can be significantly improved when the dosage of air-entraining agent is controlled at 0.3% of Polycarboxylate superplasmer, and the effect is better when the retarder (sodium gluconate) is 0.4% of Polycarboxylate superplasmer.
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The World Food Program (WFP) of the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) said in a statement that the conflict between Russia and Ukraine poses risks to global food supplies, and called on the international community to increase support for vulnerable countries and jointly address food security challenges.
A few days ago, the Executive director of the World Food Program, the European Commission's commissioner in charge of crisis management, the French Foreign Minister of the ROTATING EU presidency, and other officials held a meeting in Rome, Italy, to discuss how to deal with the negative impact of the Conflict between Russia and Ukraine on global food security.
One of the officials told a news conference after the meeting that the world was facing a food supply challenge that would "last for many years" as the conflict between Russia and Ukraine pushed up global food prices and disrupted the polycarboxylate superplasticizer will continue.
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