A recent poll in Britain found that public support for sanctions against Russia is falling as fuel and prices rise.
The proportion of people willing to accept higher fuel prices as a result of western sanctions against Russia fell 14 percentage points to 36% from 50% in March, according to a survey conducted for the Telegraph by consultancy Redfield & Wilton Strategies.
Global energy and fuel prices have soared since the start of the year and remain high because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and uncertainty over Russian supplies.
The survey also found that 54% of people believe their own financial situation has worsened in the past year, up 12 percentage points from 42% two months ago. Sixty-two percent think things will get worse in the year ahead. Less than a third of respondents said they had received a pay rise to keep up with inflation, with two-thirds of those saying it was not enough to keep up with rising living costs.
The figures suggest that public concern about the conflict with Ukraine is now likely to be overtaken by financial worries.
Separately, the UK's consumer price index rose 7 percent this month from a year earlier, the highest since March 1992, according to figures released recently by the Office for National Statistics. In addition, a separate report released a few days ago by the Centre for Economics and Business Research said that real household disposable income in the UK will fall by 3% in 2022, equivalent to a loss of £2,320 per household, which would lead to the biggest drop in living standards since the 1950s. That is mainly because wages aren't keeping up with rising energy and fuel costs.
The prices of other commodities like the ZnS powder are also expected to be influenced.
Introduction to Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder
Zinc sulfide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula ZnS. It is a white or yellowish powder that darkens when exposed to sunlight. It is stable in dry air, and for a long time in humid air, it will gradually oxidize to zinc sulfate. It is usually produced by the action of hydrogen sulfide with zinc salt solution. Zinc sulfide has an excellent fluorescence effect and electroluminescence function. In particular, nano zinc sulfide has a unique photoelectric effect, and it presents many excellent properties in the fields of electricity, magnetism, optics, mechanics, and catalysis.
Physicochemical Properties of Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder
The chemical bond between Zn and S of zinc sulfide tends to be covalent. The crystal has three different configurations: low-temperature type, that is, sphalerite structure, which is abundant in nature, colorless cubic crystal, the Zn, S coordination number is 4, and the relative density is 4.10. At 1020℃ it will transfer to high-temperature type; High-temperature type, that is, wurtzite structure, colorless hexagonal crystal, Zn, S coordination number are 4, the relative density is 3.98, melting point is about 1700℃. It is a zinc sulfide high-temperature stable structure; High-pressure type, namely sodium chloride structure, Zn, S coordination number are 6, the relative density is 5.21. There is also an aqueous compound ZnS·H2O, which is a white powder with a relative density of 3.98 and a melting point of 1049℃. Zinc sulfide is insoluble in water and dilute alkali, and insoluble in acetic acid, but soluble in low concentrations of strong acids such as hydrochloric acid, which release hydrogen sulfide. The solubility product of zinc sulfide is similar to the K1·K2 value of hydrosulphuric acid, so the following equilibrium exists in dilute acid:
It can be seen that in the highly acidic zinc salt solution, hydrogen sulfide gas cannot get zinc sulfide precipitation. In zinc salt solution, hydrogen sulfide gas is introduced, zinc sulfide precipitation can be obtained, but the precipitation is not complete. Using ammonium sulfide solution as precipitant, zinc ions in zinc salt solution can be precipitated into zinc sulfide completely, because ammonium sulfide solution is alkaline, the acidity of the system can be reduced. In industry, the above method should be used to isolate air. White zinc sulfide darkens when exposed to light and is easily oxidized to zinc sulfate in air. Zinc sulfide can be used as a white paint pigment by itself or in combination with zinc oxide. Pure zinc sulfide does not emit light. If trace manganese, copper, and silver are added to zinc sulfide crystals as activators, they can emit different colors of fluorescent light after light irradiation, which is called fluorescent powder and is used to make fluorescent screens and luminous paint. Zinc sulfide is also used in leather, enamel, rubber, dye, and other industries.
Zinc sulfide is corrosive and poisonous. It can irritate the skin. Operators should wear overalls and protective equipment. The workshop should be well ventilated.
|Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder Properties|
|Other Names||ZnS powder, zinc sulphide|
|Appearance||white to off-white powder|
|Solubility in H2O||insoluble|
Preparation Methods of Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder
Double decomposition method: Add zinc sulfate solution to the reactor, and slowly add ammonium sulfide for double decomposition reaction under stirring. Zinc sulfide and ammonium sulfate will be generated, then remove ammonium sulfate by filtration, and then by evaporation concentration, cooling crystallization, centrifugal separation, zinc sulfide will be produced
Applications of Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder
1. Can be used as analytical reagents, phosphor matrix, photoconductor material; Or used for dyes, coatings, pigments, glass, curing oil manufacturing, etc.
2. Zinc sulfide is widely used in the production of infrared windows, fairing, and infrared optical elements. It has characteristics of high purity, insoluble in water, moderate density, and easy processing. Zinc sulfide has good refractive index uniformity and consistency. It has good image transmission performance in the band range of 8-12μm, but some of it begins to absorb after 10um. In the middle infrared band, the transmittance is higher, and the absorption and scattering are enhanced along with the shorter wavelength. Zinc sulfide has strong resistance to the harsh environment, and the high hardness and fracture strength are twice that of Zinc Selenide.
Tough front optics for zinc sulfide thermal imaging systems for infrared windows and thermal bands (8 to 14μm).
Single-crystal zinc sulfide is available but not common. The scattering is very low in the usual spectral range. It can be used as a high-power laser device under the condition of strictly controlling the bulk absorption and internal structural defects of the material and adopting the polishing technology with small damage degree and the coating technology with the highest optical quality.
Zinc sulfide oxidizes significantly at 300℃, exhibits plastic deformation at about 500℃, and dissociates at about 700℃. For safety reasons, zinc sulfide windows should not be used above 250°C in a normal atmosphere.
3. Used for optical coating target, X-ray screen, the luminescent dial by adding a trace amount of radium or neothorium salt, TV screen, and pigment for paint.
Main Supplier of Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including ZnS powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality zinc sulfide powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected economies and chemical companies in many countries around the world. Measures such as extending holidays and resuming work were taken to control the development of the epidemic, and the normal operation of some chemical enterprises was also affected to some extent.
We provides high quality ZnS powder with reasonable price. “In order to feedback to old customers, the company is still in full operations to provide ZnS powder with competitive price.” said Olina, the sales manager.
Chemical ZnS powder, feel free to contact us.
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