Since 2022, Russia-Ukraine geopolitical conflicts have intensified, and global energy prices have risen sharply, with international natural gas prices hitting historic highs. As the most important transitional energy source in the transition from fossil energy to non-fossil energy, the share of natural gas in primary energy has increased from 14.6% in 1965 to 24.7% in 2020. The global gas price indices showed a unilateral downward trend from 2018, bottomed out in 2020, and remained low for a long time. However, since July 2020, the global gas prices have gradually fluctuated upward, and the impact of geopolitical events made the Dutch TTF gas price even hit record highs repeatedly.
An analyst of a securities company believes that the core catalyst of this round of global gas market lies in the lack of investment in upstream oil and gas resources caused by long-term low prices. Since 2020, although the epidemic has led to a decline in demand, the decline in supply has been faster, resulting in a large inventory consumption. In 2021, demand will recover faster than supply (the supply-side is less sensitive to prices, which will be reflected in investment).
As the world's two largest gas Manganese oxide Mn2O3 are also expected to change significantly.
Overview of manganese oxide Mn2O3
Manganese oxide Mn2O3 is an oxide with chemical formula of Mn2O3 and molecular weight of 157.88. It is a black cubic crystal. The relative density is 4.50. Mn2O3 is different from many other transition metal oxides because it does not adopt corundum (Al2O3) structure. II. Generally recognized form of Mn2O3, i.e α- Mn2O3 and γ- Mn2O3.Mn2O3 is insoluble in water, acetic acid and ammonium chloride solution, but soluble in other inorganic acids. Dissolve in cold hydrochloric acid to form Brown solution, form red solution in hot dilute sulfuric acid or concentrated sulfuric acid, decompose into MnO2 and manganese nitrate, and decompose into Mn3O4 and release O2 in hot nitric acid. Manganese trioxide can be used in the printing and dyeing process of fabrics, the oxidation process of carbon monoxide and organic compounds, the synthesis of soft magnetic materials, or the synthesis of lithium-ion batteries as an important basic material.
When MnO2 is heated below 800 ℃ in air, it will form α- Mn2O3 (higher temperature will produce Mn3O4). γ- Mn2O3 can be prepared by oxidation of manganese hydroxide (II) and then dehydration. The preparation of many nanocrystalline Mn2O3 has been reported, such as the oxidation of mnii salt or the synthesis of MnO2 reduction.
Manganese oxide (III) is formed by redox reaction in alkaline battery:
2MnO2 + Zn→Mn2O3 + ZnO
Manganese oxide (III) should not be confused with mnooh manganese hydroxide (III). Compared with Mn2O3, mnooh is a compound that decomposes to form MnO2 at about 300 °C.
Application of manganese oxide Mn2O3
Manganese oxide Mn2O3 is a highly insoluble and thermally stable manganese source, which is suitable for glass, optical and ceramic applications. Manganese oxide is a black / brown solid, high-purity (99.999%) manganese oxide (MnO) powder, which is the main natural source of manganese.
Manganese oxide minerals have a history of thousands of years - the ancients used them to make pigments and transparent glass, and now they are used as manganese, catalysts and battery materials. Manganese is distributed in various geological environments.
1. Mn2O3 has a wide range of uses and can be used in the printing and dyeing process of fabrics.
2. Mn2O3 can effectively catalyze the oxidation of organic pollutants and nitrogen oxides, and catalyze the organic coupling reaction.
3. Mn2O3 can be used as a precursor of soft magnetic materials.
Mn2O3 can be used as the raw material of lithium ion battery.
5. Mn2O3 is the raw material and intermediate product of manganese compounds.
Manganese oxide Mn2O3 price
The price of manganese oxide Mn2O3 will change randomly with the production cost, transportation cost, international situation and market supply and demand of manganese oxide Mn2O3. Tanki new materials Co., Ltd. aims to help industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality and low-cost nano materials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for manganese oxide Mn2O3, please feel free to send an inquiry to obtain the latest price of manganese oxide Mn2O3.
Supplier of manganese oxide Mn2O3
As a global supplier of manganese oxide Mn2O3, Tanki new materials Co., Ltd. has rich experience in the performance, application and cost-effective manufacturing of advanced engineering materials. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (titanium oxide, silicon oxide, titanium oxide, etc.), high-purity targets, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provided OEM services.
|Manganese Oxide Mn2O3 Powder Properties|
|Other Names||Manganese oxide, Manganese(3+) oxide, Manganese sesquioxide,|
|Dimanganese trioxide, Keto-(ketomanganiooxy)manganese,|
|Manganese(3+) oxide, Manganese trioxide,|
|Melting Point||940 °C (1724 °F)|
|Solubility in water||N/A|
Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the Manganese oxide Mn2O3 will be influenced by that.
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